A structured methodology to carry out the energy audits, in the identified pilot sites, was adopted in order to define the resource planning, establish an energy audit team (including technicians, engineers, and students), organize instruments and timeframe, collect and analyze utility data. Energy audit reports were elaborated including the data collected and recommendations for potential solutions and opportunities for improving energy efficiency and renewable energy applications. An online training course transferring knowledge on how to perform an efficient energy audit in university buildings was organized targeting over 50 students across the Mediterranean. The students analyzed case studies and proposed renovation solutions to meet nearly zero energy buildings requirements, of the university buildings analyzed. Details of the audits: - ANNU_Faculty of Educational Sciences and Teacher Training‘s; Faculty of agriculture; Old campus: library; Old campus: literature & educational building - ENIT_TOUR ROUSSEL ; Administration buildings - UNIFI_ Santa Verdiana building - Uni Campania_ Department of Humanities and Cultural Heritage
The Toolkit is a guideline to support university building and energy managers on planning and implementing sustainable retrofit measures within university buildings based on a collaborative approach enabling the co-creation and co-innovation of the renovation process. The process involves the university community of innovators, users, and stakeholders in exploring, experimenting and evaluating the best retrofit scenario for their university building. Two additional products are provided inside the Toolkit, supporting the central design phase with Best Practice of innovative projects in university buildings, and the Abacus guiding the selection of the most appropriate retrofit strategies, technologies and materials for the Mediterranean area. The toolkit proposed: 1. Strategies : - Active: Valorize daylight; Allow natural ventilation; Integrate shading devices; Upgrade the opaque envelope; Replace fixtures; Insert green elements - Passive: Integrate renewable energies; Consider efficient plant systems; Digitalize management 2. Technologies - Passive: Thermal insulation; Ventilated envelope; Double skin façade; Green roofs; Green façade; High quality and smart fixtures; External shadings; Reflectors; Nature Based Solutions - Active: Nature Based Solutions; LED-lighting; Heat pumps; Building management systems 3. Materials Thermal insulation materials; Thermal mass materials; Glasses; External shadings; Vegetation; PV panels A number of the proposed solutions are adopted, tested and deployed in the pilot sites of the project, which are listed in the pilots reports and guidelines developed.
The project team succeeded in implementing an innovative and eco-sustainable energy renovation process for selected university buildings in Tunisia, Italy and Palestine enabling to reduce the energy demand, decrease operational costs of the universities and ensure a sustainable, reliable, safe, and cost-effective electrical energy supply. The proposed renovation measures were based on recommendations drawn from energy audits and through surveys (for emerging solutions), workshops and courses, while exploiting a set of tools developed as a decision support to efficiently design, plan and evaluate the renovation process. Based on the obtained monitoring data as well as numerical simulations, the total reduction of CO2 emissions is 509,93 t CO2/y, and the total savings are 148 k€/y The implementation of the actions took more time than foreseen due to the lengthy administrative procedures and the permissions processes to intervene on buildings , especially in case of historical buildings. Guidelines were developed highlighting the renovation process implemented and listing the best practices and recommendations drawn. Partner Actions ANNU Nablus Old Campus: Installation of a PV Generation and Distribution plant. Nablus New Campus /Faculty of Fine Arts : Construction of a PV Carport Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Building: Installation of a PV Generation and Distribution plant Nablus New Campus/garden : solar PV tree All Campus : 50% Replacement of outdoor lamps to LED All Campus : Substitution of two diesel boilers to gas UNIFI School of Architecture building : Building Integrated PV system + Structure PV panels+ Skylight system+ LED lamps and monitoring system ENIT Research Unit “QehnA”: microgrid Energy Building (Solar Lab + offices): Renovation of windows (double glazing)+ Lighting (LED)+ Solar shading (exposed windows)+Roof thermal insulation (interior) Energy building + parking + garden: microgrid Administration Building : roof thermal insulation TOUR ROUSSEL/all school: rooftop PV Teaching rooms and Energy Building: Electrification and installation of high performance systems and security devices
A decision aid tool (Tool 1) is developed to support the energy management staff, in collaboration with students and researchers, in identifying and implementing the best options for building refurbishing and improving operation control for achieving significant energy savings, while maintaining the occupant's comfort. A simplified tool (Tool 2) was also proposed for target groups with no advanced technical knowledge on building energy performance. The interactive tools serve as a multi-objective decision models for the optimal ranking/trade-offs analysis between retrofit options, based on relevant decision criteria Training sessions were delivered for the benefit of the project partners and stakeholders at a first stage and then to energy managers and students at a stage to transfer the knowledge on the use of the tools and to guide them to efficiently design and optimize the renovation process. Case studies using the decision aid tool were carried out while focusing on university buildings at An Najah university and University of Campania.
A total of four renovation strategies were delivered with the goal of proposing recommendations for the adoption of EE and RE practices in university buildings that will enable to contribute to national and regional strategies objective. A range of possible future pathways were generated for the long term renovation of the university building stock in the Med while bringing together the technical and economic appraisal with the review of local policies. These strategies were officially adopted, through agreements, by seven university and national decision makers. Based on these findings, the team is planning to continue the work beyond the project lifetime by increasing the scale from buildings to university campus. Besides, an online platform is created which is an “agora” that allows the rapprochement and the dialogue between all the actors concerned by the university building energy efficiency. This platform facilitates the cooperation and co-creation in the Living Lab community, and will continue to be operational even beyond the project lifetime while providing a common ground for future cooperation, and replication of the results by: • Creating exchanges between all the registered actors and facilitate the emergence of new projects (industrial, research, etc.) • Creating cross-border working teams around specific projects